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Tag: 30 fps vs 60 fps

The Best Video Recording Setting for your Smartphone

There isn’t a one-size-fits-all solution on how to set up your iPhone’s video recording menu. But here’s a great default setting that should handle many of your needs.

If you’ve found yourself suddenly thrust into the spotlight of having to record occasional videos of yourself for work-related projects, you’re not alone.

So many of us have been relying on Zoom and other video conference platforms to stay in touch during the pandemic. Yes, these live virtual meetings are carrying much of the load for video communications, but not every moment can be live. Sometimes, you’ve got to prerecord your message and send it in for editing.

Your Smartphone’s Movie-Making Power
And while you can certainly record a video message using your computer (assuming your webcam is working), you should really consider using your smartphone, which can typically generate a much better image. Plus, you’ll probably have a lot more flexibility finding the right spot at home to shoot in.

Before you activate your inner Francis Ford Coppola, you need to choose your smartphone’s best setting for your video message.

Go with 4K Video at 30 FPS
4K video is usually best, because it’s the highest quality that smartphones can generate. (Plus, 4K will give your video editor some flexibility to reposition you in your shot if that’s needed. It’s possible that the final edit won’t be in 4K. So, your editor will be able to crop your shot without losing image quality.)

But I’d recommend recording 4K video at 30 frames per second instead of 60 fps.

Creating 4K video on an iPhone at 60 fps uses a newer video compression format that Apple has coined High Efficiency. It may be more efficient from a file size/image quality perspective, but the highly compressed codec is harder to edit. In fact, there’s potential for audio syncing problems and dropped video frames. What that means is some computers are more prone to creating editing errors due to the heavier technical lift of handling this video format.

So, unless you’re going for slow motion in the video edit or you’re shooting action footage, which benefits from a higher frame rate, you really don’t need 60 fps. (Plus, 60 fps takes up more storage.)

How to Find your iPhone’s Video Recording Menu
To confirm your video recording setting, tap on:

  • Settings
  • Camera
  • Record Video

And this is what you’ll see.

4K at 30 fps is the way to go!*

It’s Time for your Close Up
*Of course there are exceptions. 60 fps recording might be specifically required or 1080p HD video could be good enough for an existing 1080p edit. Plus, older iPhones can’t shoot 4K at 60 fps. (That trick started with iPhone 8 and iPhone X.)

But If you’re just recording video of yourself talking, and you don’t have other technical guidance, it’s hard to go wrong using the 4K 30 fps video setting.

Just don’t forget to keep your main light source in front of you, your smartphone horizontal and any visual distractions off to the side.

Good luck!

Yikes! Vimeo Says I’m Wasting My Time with 60 FPS

Shooting action videos at 60 frames per second with your iPhone 6 can generate great shots.  But there’s a price to pay…

Shooting action videos at 60 frames per second with your iPhone 6 can generate great shots. But there’s a price to pay…

I was expecting three feet of snow outside my front door last week during our ‘almost-snowmageddon.’ If we lost power, I planned to blog about the wonders (…or failures) of my still-unused Generac LP5500 portable generator.  Instead, the predicted snowpocalypse was just an average half-foot snow event.
(Our Boston neighbors up north got the full serving.)

So I had the opportunity to record a few magical moments of my son playing in the barely-adequate snowdrifts. Using my iPhone 6 Plus, I captured some great action shots in our sloped back yard of my four year old sliding down on his dark blue snow saucer.
(Fortunately not at rocket speeds…there’s a wooden fence abruptly positioned right at the end of our ‘sled run.’)

Later, we enjoyed some hot cocoa, and then I stitched together my four snow clips in iMovie on my iMac.
(Yes, I could also have done the job using iMovie on my iPhone…)

And then I uploaded my two-minute flick to my Vimeo page to share with family and friends.

Case closed.

Uh Oh. I’m Almost Out of Storage.
The next day, I received a worrisome email from Vimeo warning me that my weekly upload limit of 500MB for my ‘basic’ account had almost been gobbled up.
(And, of course, I could upgrade to a higher Vimeo tier if I wanted.)

What?

This was a tiny 120-second video. Why was it so huge?
And then I looked more closely at the file size.

In fact, it was a whopping 477MB!

What?!

Alarming Situation
That’s right. I almost blew through my half-gigabyte Vimeo limit on my free account with one little upload.

So I went back to my original video clips and took a closer look at their specs via QuickTime Player on my iMac:

  • I opened up the .mov file
  • Then, I went to the ‘Window’ drop down on the menu bar
  • Next, I clicked on ‘Show Movie Inspector’

Movie Inspector is a little black box that pops up and includes a bunch of geeky technical info about your video clip.

Within a few seconds, I honed in on the culprit…
The problem was the frame rate.

I had unknowingly shot my snow videos at 60 frames per second… as opposed to the standard 30 fps.

And remember, these are glorious 1080 high definition iPhone videos we’re talking about.

So it’s the 60 fps that created the significantly larger files.

How to Get Back to 30 FPS
I think I had left my iPhone on 60 fps quite by accident from an earlier experiment to see how 60 fps would handle action shots.
(And in fact, 60 fps is a wondrous feature to capture crisper action and prevent your moving subjects from looking blurry.)

I quickly pulled my iPhone 6 Plus out of my pocket (yes, it fits) and touched the Camera icon. I swiped the shoot setting to ‘Video’ and spotted the ’60 fps’ noted on the bottom right. I tapped it assuming it would toggle back to 30 fps. But it didn’t.

Instead I had to go back to the ‘Settings’ icon and drill down to adjust the video frame rate back to 30 fps:

  • General
  • Photos & Camera
  • Record Video at 60 FPS – On/Off (swipe)

30 FPS Vs. 60 FPS
In the moment, when you need to capture a priceless video, it’s not the easiest of settings to adjust. So you should decide which will be your ‘standard’ frame rate.

Typically, I don’t think you need all those extra frames and the massive files 60 fps generates. Plus, you should remember that 60 fps creates that ‘hyper’ clear look, which may not be what you want.
(Especially if you’re a fan of the softer ‘film’ look)

30 frames per second is often just fine, and its motion usually feels ‘normal.’

Is 60 FPS a Drag?
But is it such a huge problem to always leave the 60 fps mode on?
(Apparently Apple doesn’t think so…)
Well, not immediately, and not if you don’t shoot lots of videos on your iPhone 6.

But I wouldn’t simply set it and forget it.
Yes, 60 fps has its place, but I’d use this feature sparingly and only when the moment calls for it…

Otherwise, you’re going to find yourself running out of space on your iPhone pretty quickly.

Just do the math…

Let’s say you’ve got the entry-level 16GB iPhone 6, and you shoot just a few minutes of family videos every weekend at 60 fps. That means you’re probably creating about 2 GB of content a month. At that rate, unless you transfer/delete the files from your iPhone, you’re not going make it to the summer before your iPhone runs out of memory.

Generating huge video files is simply a drag. It’s a burden on your technology and by association an extra load on your life to keep your tech happy.

Vimeo Says No
And get this…
If you’re a basic account Vimeo user, you’re allowed to create one HD video per week… and only at 720p. Trying to upload a 1080p file at 60 fps still just gets you a 720p video at 30 fps. Any extra quality is wasted.

Even a Vimeo Plus membership (costing $60/year) doesn’t play your videos back at any higher frame rates than 30 fps.

Yes, you can certainly compress your advanced video files to something more digestible for Vimeo, but that’s an extra step for a busy parent of a four year old.

I should also freely admit that the iMovie app for iPhones/iPads can send your videos directly to Vimeo and compresses them as part of the export. Yes, it’s an easier process, but it assumes all your video clips are being generated by your iPhone.
(Don’t forget… I also like to take videos with my Canon PowerShot camera.)

Don’t Let 60 Frames Destroy Your Digital Life
60 frames per second is like warp drive…
Use it only when you need it.
Otherwise, one day soon… your universe may start to unravel.

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